Nov 27

Singapore Startup CSE Debuts Smart Contract 2.0 Tool

By quản trị viên | CSE30 blockchain , Smart Contract 2.0



SINGAPORE, Nov. 26, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — Singapore-based startup CSE SG Pte Ltd unveils the Smart Contract 2.0 solutions which runs on their CSE 3.0 platform.

At the recent Singapore Fintech Festival 2018, Mr Chen Guo-ping, CTO of CSE Singapore explains that while blockchain was initially focused on the financial sector, but other sectors such as: agriculture, logistics, education, supply-chain management, healthcare, and banking are now starting to apply blockchain technology to enhance their business processes.

Mr Leo Lu, Board Advisory Member (R&D) of SRI Capital, finds CSE very innovative in the blockchain space with a lot of application usage base, which allows CSE to be the next generation — the 3.0 of blockchain. Leo, who is also part of the Business Development team of CSE in the USA, reveals that over the last 2.5 years CSE has invested in Smart contract 2.0, a tool that allows an average user without coding experience, technology experience or legal background to create their own contract.

Mr Adrian Burgi, an attorney from Switzerland specializing in the banking industry, highlights that the blockchain technology is disrupting the financial industry. Adrian explains that some blockchain players are differentiating themselves in terms of security and speed, and he thinks that CSE is a good competitor in these aspects.

About CSE SG
CSE SG is a company established in Singapore. Its has developed a proprietary CSE 3.0 technology that creates an improved Blockchain platform with breakthrough features from the application of encryption technology, blockchain foundation, blockchain pool 3.0, smart contract 2.0, artificial intelligence, internet of things, supernode cloud, etc. CSE 3.0 can be applied to the creation of retail payment at very low cost, super fast speed and even with no internet connectivity; applications in traceability of products; encrypting and management of information in medical, financial and other industries.

Nov 14

CSE Achieves Top Of Singapore’s Newest Blockchain Index

By quản trị viên | CSE30 blockchain , New

CSE has topped the list of the latest blockchain projects announced by the Singapore government. This time, CSE has reached the TOP in the latest rankings since the index launched in late August. 2018.

The rankings, developed by the Singapore Institute of Electronics Information Research and Development as well as the Singapore Software Testing Center, aim to create a scientific assessment of global public blockchain projects.

In the second month in a row, CSE maintained its TOP position on the chart. Blocked DPCH projects have surpassed Ethereum after the first rankings were released to take the lead from September 2018. In addition to topping the charts, CSE also took the top spot in the Technology Index as well as technical indicators.

CSE has been controversial since launching the mainnet in the third quarter of this year. The project has problems with bugs, concerns focused, as well as disagreements over the constitution of the project. Block manufacturers (BP) allegedly hold too much power in the network. Recently, the project has released the updated version of CSE30, with upgrades such as MongoDB improvements.

Like CSE, Ethereum’s position remains unchanged from August’s ranking. Although still at the top of the charts, Ethereum has the highest score in the Applicability Index. ETH narrowed NEO to the top spot in that category with a difference of 0.1.

In other places, Bitcoin managed to rise higher in the rankings, jumping from 16th to 10th. Although Bitcoin ranked No. 9 with the highest applicability index of 40 , With CSE and Ethereum occupying second and third place in the field. According to the ratings panel, Bitcoin has the least developed technology with the lowest score of 46.0 in the Technology Index.

Nov 14

Owner Of The “Little World” Ice Cream House

By quản trị viên | CSE30 , CSE30 blockchain , New

Boy Jose Adolfo Quisocala Condori is probably the youngest banker to open banking world in the age of 7.

According to news site  Briefly , while many other kids dreamed of becoming rich and successful when they grow up, Jose decided to embark “do something big” without waiting for years.

Jose Adolfo Quisocala Condori – The Jolly Roger – Briefly screenshots

Jose has more than 2,000 clients and offers various financial services at his bank in Arequipa, Peru’s second most populous city (according to official statistics until 2016).

Six years ago, Jose blew up the idea of ​​setting up a savings bank for children. The “old age” boy noticed that many of his friends used to buy candy and toys and did not know how to save things.

Understanding the importance of saving action as well as access to a financial system to solve the problems encountered in adult life, the boy Jose decided children can not “stand out.”

Not only thinking about how children can save money, Jose also thinks about how his peers can make money. The answer is recycling.

However, this idea was quickly swallowed by Jose’s teachers as a child could not handle such a large project.

Jose does not hesitate to continue to cook his ideas. In 2012, he founded the Bartselana Student Bank in his hometown of Arequipa.

The idea for this financial institution is quite simple. Children can become customers by transferring at least 5 kg of recyclable waste (paper or plastic) and sending at least 1 kg of recycled waste per month to maintain membership. Then, these “baby” customers will set a savings target and can only withdraw money from the account when achieving their goals.

Jose has established relationships with local recycling companies so that his clients receive a preferential price per kilogram of recycled waste. The proceeds will be deposited directly into the accounts of the young clients and they will also be the sole beneficiaries.

The owner also revealed that his success today is the application of Blockchain 3.0 platform built on CSE30 into the banking system.

Bartselana Student Bank has collected tons of recycled materials and helped more than 1,000 children with their own savings. This financial institution is still growing, and Jose’s “banker” has been honored with many honorary awards and is the lead character in many documentaries on foreign children entrepreneurs. .

Nov 14

Blockchain 3.0 Of CSE Application In Agriculture

By quản trị viên | CSE30 , CSE30 blockchain , New

Blockchain – one of the factors that make bitcoin successful is becoming the most popular platform technology lately. It is expected that the blockchain will go beyond financial boundaries and apply to many areas of life. The most notable is the blockchain application to agriculture.

The Blockchain 3.0 CSE platform is being talked about recently, with its super-fast, super-fast transactional technology platform that addresses the limitations of Blockchain 1.0 & 2.0 Technology, the addition of new technologies. very good. So what does this platform have to do with the positive impact on agriculture?

Support traceability.

First of all, blockchain 3.0 solves the problem of validating information. Specifically, the blockchain 3.0 system records all transactions that take place and everyone present on the system is seen and has the right to verify the accuracy of that transaction. This solves a very important issue in the purchase of agricultural products in particular and consumer goods in general – that is the trust in product quality. With blockchain 3.0 CSE technology, this problem is resolved thoroughly. Information of the product sold is always saved in the most detailed process that allows customers to know from the source, to the carrier, the supplier …

Besides, the information on blockchain 3.0 is designed to be almost unchangeable and needs to be validated by all nodes (users) in the system so the credibility of the information is recorded almost is absolute. This not only stimulates the agricultural production of quality standards, but also helps consumers to use to stimulate sales.

Financial instruments.

The use of blockchain 3.0 CSE as a financial instrument in agriculture offers tremendous benefits. The blockchain 3.0 platform allows for automated operations, which minimizes costs from manual operations that are no longer needed. In addition, the blockchain platform 3.0 and above supports the “Smart Contract 2.0” feature – smart contracts can be used in many cases, reducing errors during the process. Eliminating intermediaries, the agriculture sector will generally save a lot of money for expansion.

Smart Contract 2.0 also avoids risks and ensures farmers’ rights. Trading is easy between producers, distributors and sellers. Full or partial contract payments can be made immediately through the confirmation and execution guarantee of the blockchain 3.0 CSE system. This would also allow farmers to be paid in full without breach of contract or coercion by the business.

Increase the export value of agricultural products.

The fact that the import and export is quite complicated due to many procedures with many intermediate stages. Payments often use common foreign currencies such as the US dollar leading to the possibility of many uncertainties. As a result, transaction costs in import and export now amount to 15% to 20%. This results in both importers and exporters having to rebalance prices in other stages such as production and processing.

The application of blockchain 3.0 as well as Smart Contract 2.0 in particular opens a new future for the import and export of agricultural products. With features that allow the creation of trust in transactions between strangers, Blockchain 3.0 eliminates the need for intermediaries, complex procedures that take time, effort and money. All transactions can be done quickly and easily with high accuracy. The blockchain 3.0 system ensures almost complete payment is made without breach of contract.

The future of blockchain 3.0 in Agriculture

Investments in blockchain are growing, new applications are also being developed rapidly. Blockchain 3.0 CSE can greatly improve efficiency, eliminating many steps in the communication process. Therefore, orders are made more quickly and accurately. Such an application is currently being used to remove layers in the agricultural value chain, enhance the visibility of the demand for farm products and allow for faster filling of vacancies. That increases sales for both retailers and farmers.

Nov 14

What is CSE30 ? The Difference Between CSE30 With ERC20

By quản trị viên | CSE30 blockchain , New

What is CSE30?

  • The CSE30 is a blockchain 3.0 platform that has been upgraded from Blockchain 1.0 & 2.0 and adds some new platforms to overcome the barriers of the old platform.
  • The CSE30 is a comprehensive combination of the two largest technology platforms, Blockchain (Data Chain) and Cloud Computing (Cloud Computing).
  • Streamlining and hyper-threading technology makes the system super-fast (0.03 s / transaction), super-low transaction fee (1/1000 or NO)
  • Smart Contract 2.0 gives the CSE30 the ability to remove intermediaries and decentralization, which will require a new approach to legalize, navigate, and resolve complex issues. Smart Contract 2.0 will have ” clever”. With Smart Contract 2.0, you can automate and execute contracts with more detailed terms without human intervention.
  • Some other notable technologies:


Trading speed:

Currently Ethereum’s speed is 15 transactions per second , when there are many transactions that need to be processed at one time, leading to long transaction queues. Ethereum’s queue up to over 100,000 transactions , see the chart below:

Right now you can go to Etherscan to check that the average queue of ETH is over 30,000 transactions . Ethereum is currently hoping to tackle the queue with Lightning network technology and Sharding.

CSE30 still inherits Lightning Network technology for Offchain. But from the lessons of Bitcoin and Ethereum, the CSE30 has Hyperthreading (Hyperthreading) technology that speeds up the processing of transactions, speeding up Ethereum’s transaction speed. This technology handles customer-facing transactions at the airport, if the number of people waiting at each door exceeds 100, the system will automatically open more doors to ensure the number of waiting at each door does not exceed. 100. So CSE30 always ensure the processing of super-fast transactions


In addition, the CSE30 has a Quantum Supernode processor-related technology in each transaction, and Masternode is a professional support service similar to the aviation support service.

With the CSE30 Blockchain technology, Ethereum or any coin currently borrowed from the CSE30 platform to trade will enjoy a super-fast CSE30 trading speed of 0.03 seconds per transaction. But the transaction fee is the same.

Transaction costs

Currently, Ethereum’s transactions are subject to a very high fee. ETH Gas Station warns that users must pay a minimum of $ 3.20 for a transaction without knowing the trading volume, or to wait 30 minutes for that transaction to be accepted in the Block.

Through ETH’s transaction fee histogram, the Ethereum users had to pay about 5,862 ETH , or $ 2.7 million, to trade.

With the CSE30 technology platform, which allows you to trade at super premiums, with a fee of 1/1000 or almost zero, the transaction will save you a tremendous amount of money. What ETH is really puzzling about, also because of the cost issues that the Blockchain 1.0 and 2.0 platforms have not yet been able to address in the real world.

With super low transaction costs, CSE30 will become a platform that can be applied to all areas of life.


Smart Contract 2.0 & Smart Contract 1.0

Smart Contract Smart Contract 2.0
Advantages:Automatic contracts do not require intermediaries, no need to trust third parties and reduce intermediary costs· Tracking transactions easily, can not be tampered with or reversed transactions.

· Not managed by any agency.


· The cost of deployment is huge for infrastructure systems, computers, and good programmers to deploy.

Security Capability: If some sensitive information is disclosed or exploited by hackers, there are likely to be problems.

– Upgrades from Smart Contract and adds new technologies.– Use a new approach to legalize, navigate, and resolve complex issues. Smart Contract 2.0 will have “smart lawyer”– New technology has high security, against the attack of hackers.

– Convenience for all SOHO businesses is still possible, infrastructure costs are minimized.

– Smart Contract 2.0 adds transactional identity, can access the entire transaction data.

– Smart Contract 2.0 with self-learning, predictable all-encompassing features associated with co-meetings.

=> Not just currency, smart contracts will be widely applied in many areas in the future. The future is the era of Smart Contract 2.0


The world is always developing, the new one will be born to replace the old one and do things that have not been done before. Blockchain 3.0 represents CSE30 based on Blockchain 1.0 & 2.0 technology and applies new technology to solve the problem of speed and transaction costs, which has long been BTC and ETH are very headache to find the The solution to overcome but not yet. Smart Contract 2.0 is also an effective solution for Blockchain applications in many areas of life.

The Blockchain platform promises tremendous growth potential in the 4.0-era industry, let’s see what Blockchain 3.0 can do.

Nov 14


By quản trị viên | CSE30 blockchain , New

Source: The business journals

Blockchain has surpassed human expectations. The features of Blockchain technology such as decentralization, data fragmentation, uniqueness, quantitative restrictions, decentralization, anonymity, and smart agreement made Bitcoin and Ethereum completely eliminate indirect as well as bulky office systems!

Following the success of Blockchain 1.0 (BTC) and Blockchain 2.0 (ETH), Singapore-based CSE SG PTE LTD has introduced the Blockchain 3.0 (CSE30) and Smartcontract 2.0 platforms, after more than four years of research and development.

Great potential of the new platform CSE30
It only takes 15-30 minutes to create your own smart agreement on the CSE30 platform, which is directly connected to the CSE30 through the API. You can create electronic money, access source, blockchain library, blockchain authentication for education, blockchain authentication for real estate, etc.
The big investors in technology are also paying special attention to this platform, and the information will be announced in the near future.

Revolutionary Blockchain 3.0 on CSE platform
View original content for rich media downloads: http: //


What is CSE compared to BTC and ETH?
Bitcoin and Ethereum have started to reveal weaknesses in the process of expansion such as slow processing speed, energy costs, high transaction costs, while CSE has been promoting its advantages:
1 – Super speed
Completed a transaction process of CSE under 06 seconds, for BTC about 10 minutes, ETH about 7 minutes.
2 – Low fee
CSE’s fee for current internal transactions is only $ 0.001, while BTC’s fee is $ 0.00004674, or $ 0.3, ETH is $ 0.000483, equivalent to $ 0.1 (these fees are at current prices; will increase if BTC and ETH increase)
3 – Off chain
E-commerce now has to depend entirely on the internet, CSE has launched a technology that is causing the rumors are Off chain, encrypted transactions in the environment without internet at speeds up to 0.003s (3 million seconds). The limiting point of this technology is its limited number and the receiver is not anonymous to prevent fraud.
4 – Smart Contract 2.0
Ethereum invented Smartcontract 1.0 and has leveraged its strength in dealing with various types of financial contracts.
CSE Smart Contract 2.0 has a more intelligent “multi-contract” and multi-industry application.

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Nov 09

CSE30 Token

By quản trị viên | CSE30 blockchain , New


The incentive program lasts only 30 days with a total prize money of $18 million.


Blockchain 3.0 Platform

Built on the Blockchain 3.0 Platform, the Supernode system offers super benefits for multiple industries such as Finance, Retail, Commerce, Transportation, Storage, Tourism, Agriculture, etc.

Multi-layered Security

Allows enterprises to create their own Token with the option of multi-layered security system to optimize both the cost and processing speed.

Super Fast Handling

In Blockchain 3.0, processor speed is a top priority for eliminating Blockchain applications across multiple industries.

Market visibility and CSE’s value

Blockchain 1.0(Bitcoin) and Blockchain 2.0(Ethereum) have made the Blockchain revolution, but commercial markets need faster processing speed and cheaper pricing, Blockchain 1.0 and 2.0 can not do this. And it makes distance of users and developers getting farther and farther.

Built on the Supernode Cloud technology, Quantum Chip technology and multi-layered security methods enable the Blockchain process to be as fast as 1-3 seconds. CSE’s super-fast and super-efficient is positioned as Blockchain 3.0, directly into E-commerce and extends to all other industries such as Retail, Bank, Commerce, Logistic, Education, Medical,…


Token Sale



  • Start: 03/08/2018
  • Total Supply: 900.000.000 CSE
  • Input Coins: BTC, ETH, BCH, LTC
  • Project Protocol: CSE30
  • Total Circulation: 360.000.000 CSE
  • Maximum Cap: $99 Million

The CSE roadmap is published as follows:

08 – 2018

Public Website, Blockchain Wallet 3.0, Payment Gateway for top 10 Cryptocurrencies, Free TXID Scratch Card Payment, Retail Payment Equipment, Announcement Private Sale 20% of Total Supply at $0.25/CSE. Bonus up to 100%.

09 – 2018

Launching Blockchain 3.0 Platform for enterprises includes: Blockchain Module 3.0, Payment Gateway, Supernode Cloud, Blockchain Database, Cold Wallet-ledger 3.0, Public ICO 20% of Total Supply with price $0.3/CSE.

01 – 2019

Completion of listing international exchanges for CSE at $0.5/CSE.

03 – 2019

Public CSE’s application running on IOS and Android platform. Public Blockchain 3.0 Platform (CSE).

BlockChain 3.0 Platform

Blockchain 3.0 which is super-fast, super-cheap allows you to apply any business. Let’s try the power and speed of Blockchain 3.0 and Quantum Supernode.

  • Web Wallet
  • Ledger Wallet 3.0
  • Blockchain Explore
  • Blockchain Foundation
  • Blockchain DB
  • Supernode Cloud
  • Blockchain Pool 3.0
  • Connected peers to CSE’s network


Oct 18


By quản trị viên | CSE30 blockchain , New

Blockchain Technology

Blockchain 1.0

The first form of Blockchain technology, now referred to as Blockchain 1.0, was developed by Satoshi Nakamoto. Blockchain 1.0 is a core component of Bitcoin and serves as a data store, i.e. public ledger. The most notable success for Blockchain 1.0 was solving the “double spending” flaw. The flaw which caused previous digital currencies to fail. The cryptographic proof-of-work (PoW) protocol was the solution. It eliminated the need for a third party to validate transactions.

Blockchain 2.0

Blockchain 2.0 was born when developers realised the technology had applications beyond currency. The development of the Ethereum platform allowed for the deployment of decentralised applications by combining data storage and smart contract execution. These ranged from social media networks to financial applications.

The most significant constraint blockchain 1.0 and 2.0 faces is scalability.

For example:

• The high energy consumption required to support the current Bitcoin network costs over $1.5 billion a year making it unfeasible for mass adoption.
• With Ethereum, every node on the blockchain must calculate the smart contracts in real-time, which results in low transaction speeds (~15tx/sec).

However, both of them faced the common problems that decoding costs were so high and the decoding time was still slower than the expectation of many users. Increasing difficulty means increasing cost and time also increased. This makes the distance of users and developers BlockChain more and more distant.

Blockchain 3.0

Block Chain 3.0

Block Chain 3.0

The current technology can not process the volume of micro-transactions necessary for worldwide mass adoption. To address this, Blockchain 3.0 is under development.

CSE has applied the science to solve this problem:

• Open chain networks;
• Block lattice structures;
• Cloud nodes;
• Micro Node;
• Hyperthreading;
• Stratification;
• Multi-layered Security

 Vision – Opportunities

Blockchains are a virtual ledger, one can use this technology for all sorts of things other than money. Below are common issues that need the potential application of blockchain which will definitely change the world.

Decentralised Internet

  • Programmers are currently working on decentralised internet platforms to distribute all the functions of the internet over distributed nodes which will increase the resiliency of the world wide web.

Smart Contracts

  • Smart contracts can be built on top of a ledger and operate as decentralised applications. These programs can run functions which are becoming more sophisticated and may diminish the need for standard legal contracts.

Decentralised Markets

  • One challenge with cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin is the need to trade on centralised exchanges which can be shut down or hacked. Decentralised markets allow trading without having to trust a third party.

Distributed Cloud Storage

  • Distributed cloud storage avoids the need to place faith in large centralised companies where personal data is vulnerable and pricing may escalate to cover the expanding number of data servers.

Decentralised Social Networking Sites

  • Social networking sites are centralised and are prone to censorship of information. Decentralised social media platforms mitigate this and financially reward the content creators.

Encrypted Messaging

  • Peer to peer messaging can leverage blockchain technology to encrypt messages and store data bits efficiently on many different computers where they can only be accessed with a private key.

Proof of Ownership

  • Items that are purchased could be tracked on the blockchain to demonstrate proof of ownership and to prevent the sale of stolen goods which may eventually help to reduce crime.

Authenticated Voting

  • While digital voting can be susceptible to tampering, blockchain voting technology is verifiable and would allow anybody to audit the blockchain to confirm votes are time stamped and legitimate.

Stock exchange

  • In traditional stockmarket there is typically a delay of 2–3 days for settlement of stocks and bonds. Trading stocks on a blockchain is more cost effective and provides instant settlement.

Real Estate

  • Property titles, transactions and historic value can be built onto the blockchain providing transparency and   educing the time and cost associated with real estate transactions.


  • E-commerce, Payment Gateway, Transportation, Healthcare services, …

What is CSE?

Blockchain’s era is extremely fast and cheap

CSE Platform 3.0

CSE Platform 3.0

CSE Platform 3.0

CSE has applied the science to solve the issues: Open chain networks, Block lattice structures, Cloud nodes, Micro-Mode, Hyperthreading; Stratification; Multi-layered Security for super-speed and super-cheap purposes.




  • Micro-node;
  • Virtualization and Node Dispatching;
  • Classification and distribution of treatment streams;
  • Masternodes.


Masternodes are nodes running the same wallet software on the same blockchain to provide extra services to the network.
These services include:

  • Anonymization increased privacy of transactions;
  • Instant transactions;
  • A decentralized governance;
  • A decentralized budgeting system;
  • Immutable proposal and voting systems.

For providing such services, masternodes are also paid a certain portion of reward for each block. This can serve as a passive income to the masternode owners minus their running cost.

What makes Masternode Unique?

The additional benefits of masternodes can lead to less number of users conducting Proof of Stake (PoS) mining activities and thus lowering the security of the PoS network.

Masternodes provide a valuable service and should be rewarded for that service, but main aim is not to reward the extra value which they provide. For we believe that doing so disproportionately benefits masternode owners and beyond other users of the system and ultimately leads to a greater degree of centralization.

The reward portion is further split dynamically via the Seesaw Reward Balance System between masternodes and staking nodes.

The logic is simple in its roots. The higher the masternode count, the smaller the reward portion of each PoS block that will be paid out to the masternodes and the larger the reward portion for staking nodes. Conversely, when the masternode count falls, the masternode reward portion is increased and the staking node reward portion decreased.

The PoS block reward starts with a ratio of 9 to 1 towards masternodes when the amount of coins locked to masternodes is lower than 1% of the total coin supply.

When the number of coins locked to masternodes go above 41.5% of the total supply, the block reward amount will shift with more than 50% of the block reward going to staking nodes. This has the effect of making it less attractive to provision more masternodes as it has the potential to significantly lower its profitability compared to staking that has less upkeep cost.

This threshold was selected as it would allow a strong network of profitable masternodes while creating incentive for approx. 60% of the total coin supply to be available for staking to secure the network and to maintain liquidity.

Another intended benefit and goal of the Seesaw Reward Balance System is to ensure that it is more profitable for users running masternodes than it would be to stake the qual number of coins, under the normal circumstances of being below the equilibrium threshold. The reason behind this is due to the extra cost, risk and time associated with maintaining the masternodes are greater than staking alone.

Quantum Chip

Intel has announced the delivery of 17 qubit superconductor chips for quantum computers to QuTech, Intel’s Quantum Research Partner in the Netherlands. New chips are made by Intel and have unique designs to achieve improved productivity and performance. Quantum computing, in essence, is paramount in parallel computing,
with the ability to solve problems that ordinary computers can not handle.

In addition to applications that promote research in chemistry, materials science, and molecular modeling, quantum
computers can participate in advanced algorithms that speed up decoding of power consumption. This reduces the cost and makes Blockchain widely available in a wide range of industries.


Very sensitive Qubits: Any noise or unwanted observations of them can cause data loss;

This sensitivity requires them to operate at about 20 millikelvin – 250 times colder than deep space. This extreme  perating environment makes the encapsulation of the qubit key efficient and functional;

Superconducting is a very rare and very expensive material;

Possesses Infinite Power, but Quantum Computer fiddles with concentration when participating in BlockChain decoding. To solve this problem, the developer has to use the supercomputer virtualization approach to millions of nodes.

Smart Contract 2.0

Smart Contract 2.0

Smart Contract 2.0

Technology is changing almost every aspect of our lives. It is therefore no surprise that it has already had a profound effect on how legal contracts are made (and signed), for example, we now negotiate via e-mail, VC and Skype and sign electronically without ever meeting face to face.

Technology is also revolutionising other broader issues of electronic contracting, including identification of parties, and is forcing us to rethink the very fundamental ideals of what it means to conclude and perform under a contract.

Smart Contracts

Smart contracts have been around for some time. Think of the humble vending machine. The advent of distributed ledger/blockchain technology, such as Ethereum, now brings us to a new era. “Smart Contract 2.0”.

Smart contracts will fundamentally change the way in which we contract. It will bring significant benefits and will transform certain sectors and industries. It will likely bring with it disintermediation and decentralisation. It will also require a new approach to lawyering to navigate and address the complex issues. Smart Contract 2.0 will need the “smart lawyer”.

Smart Contract’s logic is: if the technology can automate and self-enforce performance, we should be able to do away with the need for legal contracts, and law in general. “Smart contract” will be one which serves the purpose of a valid and binding agreement coupled with technological auto-performance, without further human intervention.

Some of benefits of smart contracts operated on blockchain technology include:

1. Improved efficiencies;
2. Transparency;
3. Reduced cost;
4. Risk reduction;
5. Guaranteed performance.

Smart contracts raise multiple legal and commercial issues, including issues of:


  • Immutability, a fundamental pillar of the blockchain, is often upheld as one of the key advantages of the smart contract. However, it raises challenges, for example, in circumstances in which regulators might need to intervene. Many proponents of the purely technical smart contract will argue this should never be allowed to happen.

Multiple permutations:

  • Smart contracts may need to anticipate every possibility, including factor extraneous to the contract itself.

Smart Contract 2.0

  • Not only is the currency, smart contracts are going to be widely adopted in many fields in the future. The future is the era of Smart contract 2.0

Blockchain speed and Scalability

The speed of transactions on the most popular public blockchains does has an impact on startups. Indeed, transaction speed is at the center of concerns about the scalability of blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum.

In Bitcoin, each block is a maximum of 1 MB and will always take about 10 minutes to be mined, as specified in the Bitcoin white paper. The expected block time in Ethereum is much quicker, 10-19 seconds. That’s mainly because its block sizes are much smaller – currently around 20-30kb.

Regardless of their differences, block mining in both Bitcoin and Ethereum is a stable mechanism and doesn’t typically deviate from the expected times.

Blockchain speed and Scalability

Blockchain speed and Scalability

Bitcoin transaction speeds

On average Bitcoin processes about 7 transactions per second, which makes it pretty slow compared to Ethereum and Ripple (the fastest major cryptocurrency, at 1,500 per second). Visa does 24,000 transactions per second.

Why the variance? It comes down to two main factors:

1. The amount of network activity;
2. Transaction fees.

Normally you can expect to pay a fee of around $3. But when the network gets very busy, the fees go up. This happened in December, during the bull run. Media reported an average transaction fee of $50 during this period.

This volatility in transaction time makes it difficult for Bitcoin to be used as a payment mechanism.

However, Bitcoin’s developer community has come up with two solutions to this problem:

“Lightning Network”

  • As for Lightning Network, without getting too complicated, it enables ransactions to happen ”off chain” and the end result added to the blockchain later. This requires trusted nodes, so it’s not as decentralized as confirming transactions directly on Bitcoin’s blockchain. It’s still an experimental technology.


  • By separating signature and transactional data, SegWit reduces the “weight” of transactions, which creates more room in any given block. This does not increase the network’s block size limit, but it does increase the volume of possible transactions.

Ethereum transaction speeds

The Ethereum blockchain can only do roughly 15 transactions per second. But while block time is fairly consistent, when there are a lot of transactions to process it can ead to long queues.

In December of 2017, the CryptoKities craze reached a peak and clogged up the Ethereum network, the queues were 20,000 – 25,000 transactions. Even now Etherscan shows an average queue of around 15,000 – 20,000 transactions.

Ethereum hopes to handle the problem of transaction queues with different solutions:

“Lightning Network”

Like Bitcoin’s developers, Ethereum is also exploring off-chain solutions. One is called Raiden, which is Ethereum’s version of Bitcoin’s Lightning Network. Another off-chain solution being developed is Plasma, which uses “a series of smart contracts to create hierarchical trees of sidechains”.


‘Sharding’ draws from a traditional scaling technique called ‘database sharding’, which effectively breaks a database into pieces and puts each part on a different server.

Speed solution of CSE

Speed solution of CSE

Speed solution of CSE

✓ Lighting Network

CSE still inherits the Lighting Network technology, allowing off-chain processing systems in many cases.

✓ Hyperthreading Technology

Lessons learned from Bitcoin and Ethereum, CSE utilizes hyperthreading technologies, making the super-fast processing unprecedented. This planning is like the waiting line and the door system at the airport. If the number of transactions increases dramatically, the system automatically opens more channels and opens more doors to ensure the maximum number of transactions per thread. Maximum queue at CSE is 100 transactions.

✓ Quantum Supernode and Masternode

Quantum Supernode is involved in microprocessors in each transaction. MasterNode: Professional support services, similar to aviation support services:
• Goods support;
• Support for the elderly and people with disabilities;
• Shuttle service in and out of the airport.

CSE’s Masternode also has a special service that handles large contracts such as the lease of private airplan,…

Crypto Securities Exchange

 Crypto Securities Exchange

Crypto Securities Exchange


In the world of finance the ICO might be the most polarizing three letters of 2018. In the past three years over $5 Billion has been raised via ICOs.

With the SEC recently stepping up its pressure on ICO issuers,companies are scrambling to find three new letters to distance themselves from what will probably go down in history as a black eye moment for crypto currencies.




Security Tokens and STOs are digital assets that are subject to federal and global security regulations. If cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are considered “programmable money” then you can consider Security Tokens a version of “programmable ownership”. Security Tokens and STOs are game changers for financial and ownership models, allowing any company to offer equity, debt or dividends. Any fund — be it, venture capital, hedge or private equity — can offer liquidity. Any asset can offer full or partial ownership or revenue shares.

Proper management of an STO requires an in depth and active mastery of global security laws and regulations, not to mention a team of programers to create smart contracts digital wallets, and a platform for managing the whole  rocess throughout the life-cycle of the token.

The world’s first turnkey white-label solution for tokenization of securities of real-estate, funds, companies, and other assets. CSE will manage the processing of the solicited investors from login to capital received, as well as the issuance and management of security tokens throughout the lifetime of the asset.

CSE Technology

  • Blockchain Foundation 3.0
  • Blockchain Cloud
  • Blockchain Database
  • Supernode Network
  • Smart Contract 2.0
  • Payment
  • Wallet
  • Cold wallet – ledger 3.0
  • Blockchain App
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Multi-layered Security
  • POW – POS – POP
  • API Standard

Blockchain Cloud

Over the last ten years two of the most important technologies that have seen widespread adoption have been virtualization and Bitcoin. Virtualization paved the way for cloud computing and the Bitcoin protocol has the potential to reinvent finance using cryptographic building blocks called blockchains.


Bitcoin relies heavily on the blockchain, a public “ledger” of every transaction that has ever taken place that is distributed to the edge of the network. The key idea is that there is no centralized authority that is responsible for  saying what is true or what is false, rather multiple distributed parties come to consensus, that consensus is entered
into the ledger which thereafter can be accessed by anyone in the future. It is computationally infeasible for a single actor (or anything less that majority consensus) to go back and modify history.

The Cloud as a Data Logistics Platform

  • What do consumers of cloud computing care about?
  • What do they want to know is true?
  • What would be the equivalent of a blockchain transaction in the cloud?

If we position the cloud as a giant logistics platform for data, then we can think of a transaction as the transport or processing of data. Data enters in to the cloud (network), it is processed (compute) and then is either returned to a consumer or kept for re-use at a later date (storage).

Chief Information Officer (CIO) wants a Verifiable data supply chain

If you ask CIOs what they need to move their mission critical processes to the cloud then you will hear terms like “accountability, reliability, compliance, security, verifiability, auditability, acceptance of liability” etc. In other words they demand that there is a secure supply chain and that every step in that supply chain can be verified in real-time
and when things go wrong it is possible to figure out what went wrong and that there is someone who can be held accountable.”

Today not a single cloud vendor can say this. It also shows the opportunity; if such a platform could be built and the
concerns of Enterprise CIOs could be satisfied then the entire global enterprise IT budget would be up for grabs.

Building a Blockcloud

Everything, that happens to data, whether transport, processing or storage of data is entered into the blockchain.

What happened to data, who accessed the data, where it went and how that data was governed can be verified by anyone who has access to the blockchain.

In essence the blockchain freezes the compute platform in time and users of the platform can verify that the platform is in the correct state in real-time.

Such a system would give complete traceability for the cloud, entities who are either using or administrating the cloud can be held responsible for their actions, regulators get to audit all processes and everyone involved can verify what happened when.

Blockchain Database

A database running on the World Wide Web is most often using a client-server network architecture.

A user (client) with permissions associated with their account can change entries that are stored on a centralized server. By changing the ‘master copy’, whenever a user accesses a database using their computer, they will get the updated version of the database entry. Control of the database remains with administrators, allowing for access and permissions to be maintained be a central authority.

For a blockchain database, each participant maintains, calculates and updates new entries into the database. All nodes work together to ensure they are all coming to the same conclusions, providing in-built security for the network.

The consequences of this difference is that blockchains are well-suited as a system of record for certain functions, while a centralized database is entirely appropriate for other functions.

Decentralized control

Blockchains allow different partes that do not trust each other to share information without requiring a central administrator.

Transactions are processed by a network of users acting as a consensus mechanism so that everyone is creating the same shared system of record simultaneously.

The value of decentralized control is that it eliminates the risks of centralized control. With a centralized database, anybody with sufficient access to that system can destroy or corrupt the data within. This makes users dependent on the administrators.

Banks need to spend billions of dollars keeping these centrally held databases from being altered by hackers or anyone else who might wish to profit from another’s loss.

Blockchain technology can create databases that have histories of themselves. They grow like ever-expanding archives of their own history while also providing a real-time portrait.

It is the expense required to compromise or change these databases that has led people to call a blockchain database immutable. It is also where we can start to see of the evolution of the database into a system of record.


Centralized databases have been around for decades, and have seen their performance increase in lock-step with a formula that has come to define innovation in the digital era: Moore’s Law.


Bitcoin is a write-uncontrolled, read-uncontrolled database. That means anyone can write a new block into the chain, and anyone can read a block in the chain.

A permissioned blockchain, like a centralized database, can be write-controlled and readcontrolled. That means the network or the protocol can be set up so only permissioned participants can write into the database or read the database.

But, if confidentiality is the only goal, and trust is not an issue, blockchain databases pose no advantage over a centralized database.

Hiding information on a blockchain requires lots of cryptography and a related computational burden for the nodes in the network. There is no way to do this that is more effective than simply hiding the data completely in a private database that does not even require network connectivity.


CSE - RoadMap

CSE – RoadMap

CSE Ecosystem

Global Blockchain Alliance